Pyramids of Giza
The Great Pyramid of Giza is the oldest Wonder of the Ancient World and is the only Ancient Wonder to exist to the present time. In 2007, the Great Pyramid was left off the new Wonders of the World list, but was eventually given an honorary spot on the list.
Taking after his father Snefru, Pharoh Khufu ordered his workers to begin contstruction on his burial site, the Great Pyramid.
Originally, historians belived thousands of slaves were used to build the Pyramids, but the theory has been rebuked as builders quarters were located around the building sites. The giant blocks used to build the Great Pyramid were located at a quarry and historians believe workers used the flooded Nile River to boat the large blocks from the quarry to the building site. In addition to workers, priests and astromers were used to align the pyramids to the stars.
It remained the tallest man made structure for over 3,800 years, until the spire of the Lincoln Cathedral was completed and rose above the Great Pyramid.
The construction of the Great Pyramid was estimated to have taken over 20 years. Upon completion, the Great Pyrmaid rose an estimated 481 feet high into the sky. Each base is approxiamately 755 feet long. It was constructed using approxiamately 2.3 million stone blocks and each blocked weighed between 2 to 15 tons.
The faces of the Great Pyramid are almost aligned exactly to the four points of a compass, with the Pyramid being aligned almost to True North.
Inside the Pyramid, three burial chambers were built. The first chamber, was unfinished and cut underground into the bedrock. The second chamber was called the queens chambers, but didn't contain Khufu's wives. Khufu's wives actually had smaller pyramids built around the Great Pyramid. The third chamber, called the King's Chamber, was where Khufu's sarcophagus rested. It lies almost at the center of the Great Pyramid.
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